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Length: 55 min. plus
promos 25 min. Total
of 1 hour, 80 min
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Fly Fishing DVD -
Trout and Their Habitat
This program includes scenes from
numerous streams located throughout
the United States from the East, Mid-
West and Western states.

“Trout and Their Habitat” covers the
four major species of trout; the Brown,
Brook, Cutthroat and Rainbow; their
range, and distribution.

Considerations that should to be given to
the different types of water, such as
pools, runs and riffles are included.
*****Learn about the particular habits and
habitats of each species.
*****Understand the different strategies
used for freestone streams, tail-waters,
spring creeks and still waters.
*****Examine the differences in native,
stocked and stream bred or wild trout.
*****The trout’s senses of sight and
hearing are discussed in relationship to
how it affects the angler’s approach.

Almost ironically, tail waters are affected
by the same acts of nature as the
freestone streams, that is, rainfall and
snowfall. It is just that man is somewhat
in control of it. Some dams were built
strictly for flood control purposes and in
this case, the dam’s floodgates allow a
more steady disbursement of the
floodwater than Mother Nature would

Most dams were built to produce
electricity. Hydroelectric dams also are
used to control flooding. Water is
supplied by the reservoir above the dam
and is dispersed through the turbines of
the power generators as needed for
electricity. Most of these dams also have
flood, gates that allow additional water
beyond the capacity of the turbines to
pass through in the event of heavy rain
or melting snow upstream. In many areas,
the tail waters of dams are only cold
enough to support trout due to the fact
that the water is taken from the bottom
of the lake or reservoir, which of course,
is much colder than the surface and
upper layers of the lake water. For this
reason, many tail waters, especially
those coming from very deep lakes, have
an almost constant water temperature
year round. For example, the tail waters
of Alabama’s Smith Lake, a very deep
impoundment, is cold enough to support
a good population of trout, even though
it is in the deep South. The San Juan
River, or tail waters of Navajo Lake,
New Mexico, is a top rated trout fishing
destinations thanks to its constant low
water temperature.

Spring water is different from other trout
waters in many ways. It is usually
clearer, purer, supports more plant and
aquatic insect life and usually remains an
almost constant temperature year round.
The average temperature of spring
creeks is probably between forty-eight
and fifty degrees Fahrenheit. This
provides cool water for trout in the
summer and water that does not freeze
in the winter. This constant water
temperature and fertile ecology produces
heavy midge, mayfly and caddis hatches
as well as scuds and cress bugs. Some
spring creeks have stonefly hatches.    
Normally, the rate of water flow is more
constant than it is with other type streams
and rivers. Of course, most spring creeks
have pools, riffles and runs that vary the
rate of flow, but it is not nearly as affected
by rainfall as freestone streams.

Patterning what to use and how to fish
spring creeks is, if anything, easier than
other streams. Fishing them, however, is
usually more difficult. On a clear sunny
day with polarized sunglasses you can
usually easily spot trout in spring creeks
if you use a stealthy approach. This
tends to make you think they are ahead
of the game, but usually just adds up to
frustration when you realize the trout is
aware of your presence.
bred trout are more difficult to fool than
stocked trout and consequently, they are
harder to catch. Hatchery raised trout, in
may cases, are caught shortly after they
have been stocked and in many cases, in
large numbers proportional to the quantity
stocked. For at least the earlier part of
their life stocked trout have become
accustomed to being fed at a hatchery.
They have not developed the same fear of
predators as the native or stream-bred
trout. They have not yet learned what their
new food supply, consist of and can
therefore be fooled by a large variety of
baits and flies. Neither have they learned
where to feed most effectively and where
to rest in comfort and with security.

Of course, the amount of water in a
freestone stream is drastically affected by
the amount of rainfall, and when runoff
occurs, snow fall. In the higher elevations
of the Western Rocky Mountains, in late
spring and early summer, this runoff can
be the major source of problems. Many
streams become unsuitable for fishing for
a few weeks during this time of the year.
Runoff times are fairly predictable. They
may vary from year to year, however,
depending upon the amount of snowfall as
well as the elevation of the area and its
northern proximity. Some runoff usually
occurs in the Appalachian mountains of
the Eastern United States, again
depending upon the amount of snowfall
and the location and elevation of the
mountains that form the freestone stream.
All freestone streams are affected by the
amount of rainfall. Very heavy amounts of
rainfall can cause extreme turbulent
stream conditions in the higher elevations
and flooding conditions in the lower
elevation streams. Just as bad for the trout
fisherman, as well as the trout, are periods
of drought, especially during the hot
months of summer. Water in some
freestone streams can reach critically, low
levels and rates of flow that leads not only
to tough fishing conditions but also, harsh
environmental conditions for the trout.
Length: 55 min. plus
promos 25 min. Total
of 1 hour, 80 min