Midges are another important aquatic insect that anglers need to be familiar with. It is a mistake to think
that midges are not an important food anywhere there is water.They are very plentiful and important in
Spring Creeks but exist in all types of water and are found in most all trout streams usually in large numbers.
Midges are members of the Chironomidae family. Some midges may be large, even as large as a hook
size 14, but the majority are size 20 or smaller. The number of genera and species is huge, too huge for
anglers have any reason to try to learn . It is necessary to revert to the basics--size and color--to describe
his local midge hatches.
Angie and I obtained thousands of samples and finally decided the great majority would fall into three
basic colors, red (mostly blood midges), cream and a light green. Of course there are some others but the
majority we found in streams across the nation were of those three basic colors more than any other. All our
Perfect Fly midge patterns are in those three colors. An exception is the adult red midge which is actually
black. We do sell several other generic midge patterns but many don't even distinguish them as being a
larva or pupa imitation. Most of the generics look more like the larva stage.
Midge larvae look like tiny grub like worms. There are two types, the ones that burrow in soft bottoms and
the free swimmers that hide under rocks, sticks and other debris. Most of them in the Smokies are the free
When the midge larvae change go into the pupae stage of life, they are most subject to being eaten by
trout. Most of these pupae emerge in the surface film. Often, the pupae have a difficult time breaking
through the surface skim and changing into an adult.
The midge pupae look quite similar to the larvae except they have a wing pad area that is thicker than the
body of the larvae. The midge pupa is the most important stage of life to imitate with a fly.
The adult midge looks similar to a mosquito. They can be important to anglers during the time they are
mating and depositing their eggs. They are imitated with tiny dry flies.
Perfect Fly Pre-rigged Midges:
How do you tie tiny midge flies on fine tippet fast and easy way? Don't - Let Perfect fly do it for you. If you
have trouble seeing and tying on small midge flies, size 20 and 22, especially with the larva and pupa in
tandem which is the preferred rigging for midges, purchase them pre-rigged. Tying the tandem rig gives
many anglers trouble, especially tying them in the field often under poor lighting conditions.
Why do we rig them in tandem?. It imitates both stages of the midge's life during a hatch. When midges
are emerging, the midge larvae are on the bottom, and the pupae in the water column accenting to the
Click Here To Check Out The Details - Larva:
Click Here To Check Out the Details - Pupa:
November, 2020 Issue
Copyright 2020 James Marsh
Silver Creek Idaho
Midge rigs and holder
combination. Three pre-rigged
midge larvae and pupae tippets
and holder. :
Nylon tippets: Reg $23.20 for
Fluoro tippets: Reg $26.20 for
Cream Midge Larva
Cream Midge Pupa
Cream Midge Adult