Salmonflies (Pteronarcyidae Family)

Species of this Pteronarcyidae family of stoneflies are called “Giant Stoneflies”. These
are the largest stoneflies there are. This family of stoneflies contains two genera,
Pieronarcys and Pteronarcella, that are important to fly fishers.

pieronarcys genus includes the californica species or the famous “Giant Salmon Fly”
and that is the species that you need to become familiar with. This is a very large
stonefly. Both the adults and nymphs can be up to three inches long. The nymphs live
from two to four years.

The salmonfly hatch can offer some of the best fly fishing action the West has to offer.
Both the nymphs and the adult salmonflies are eaten by trout. Most of the streams in the
West that have fast water, have these huge stoneflies.
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